The most common causes of vaginal infections are bacteria, yeast and trichomonas. Trichomoniasis is considered to be the most curable common sexually transmitted disease (STD) and is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis which is passed from person to person during sex.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis in women include a vulvar itch which can be intense, burning, redness or soreness of the vagina, discomfort with urination or a thin discharge which is often frothy, yellow/green and sticky with an unpleasant odour. Having trichomoniasis can make it unpleasant to have sex. It is estimated however that up to 70% of people infected with Trichomonas vaginalis do not have any signs or symptoms.
Trichomoniasis can be cured with a single dose of antibiotic treatment prescribed by your doctor.
If left untreated, trichomoniasis can increase the risk of contracting or spreading other STIs such as HIV and the infection can last for years. In pregnancy, trichomoniasis can increase the chances of preterm delivery and having a baby born with a low-birth weight.
If you are suffering from these symptoms or suspect you may have trichomoniasis, it is important you visit your GP who will diagnose you and advise treatment options.